Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in
New Jersey featuring the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by
population and area, as well as county seals and political map of New Jersey.
the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for New Jersey. Also includes other
English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of
New Jersey, the fourth smallest state in the USA, is located on the east
coast of the USA and has an area of 19,215 km² and a good 8.5 million
residents, i.e. a high population density. It is bordered by New York to the
north and northeast. The border there is mainly formed by the 493 long Hudson
River. In the east and south the Atlantic Ocean and the Delaware Bay form the
border, in the west New Jersey is surrounded by Delaware and Pennsylvania.
The namesake is the island of Jersey in the English Channel. New Jersey's
motto is Freedom and Prosperity. New Jersey is one of the Central Atlantic
states. The capital has been Trenton since 1790. New Jersey was given the
nickname "Garden State" because there are many parks and single-family houses
with gardens and pools.
Only the 550 m high High Point stands out from the mostly flat land. Inland
and in the south, New Jersey is criss-crossed by dense forests. In the north it
is hilly due to the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, the northeast is
dominated by the river landscape of the Hudson River, the south by the Atlantic
coastal plain. The Delaware Bay in the south is a 2000 km² large bay and an
alluvial area and the mouth of the Delaware and other smaller rivers. It is a
popular breeding site for water birds. Oysters are also raised here.
The Pinelands National Reserve is the state's most important nature reserve,
including the Pinelands or Pinebarrens, a 4,500 km² forest area with Virginia
pines and a popular destination for nature lovers. The special thing about the
flora are the carnivorous plants that occur here.
There are numerous seaside resorts on the Atlantic coastal plain to
accommodate the numerous holiday guests. Most of the cities such as Long Branch
or Atlantic City are also found here.
The first settlement of New Jersey began in 1609. At that time it was the
Dutch who built their first settlements here. Together with New York the area
was named New Netherlands. In 1664 the area was taken by the English. During the
American Revolutionary War, New Jersey was one of the main victims of the
clashes with around 100 battles, between 1776 and 1778 especially in Trenton,
Princeton and Monmouth.
The first constitution with the right to vote was passed in 1776, at least
for wealthy citizens. Married women were excluded from voting because they were
not allowed to own property. New Jersey was one of the 13 original states and
became the 3rd state to join the USA on December 18, 1787. The current state
constitution has been in force since 1947.
New Jersey was the last of the northern states to abolish slavery in
1804. After the civil war, the formerly rural region experienced an industrial
boom. Thomas Edison, who was working in the city of Menlo Park, California at
the time, played a major role in this. The proximity of the booming cities
of New York and Philadelphia also had a positive effect. The largest cities
with Newark, Jersey City, Paterson and Elizabeth are in the metropolitan area,
west of the Hudson River.
Excursion destinations and recreational opportunities
There are many theme parks in New Jersey such as For example, the Six Flags
Great Adventure in Jackson, the Six Flags Hurricane Harbor New Jersey water
park, the Clementon Amusement Park, the Animal Kingdom Zoo in Bordentown and the
Liberty Science Center in Jersey City. On the coast of New Jersey is the Shore
Region, a vacation area with white sandy beaches and many historical sites over
Gambling has been legal in New Jersey since 1978 and you can try your luck in
the casinos in Atlantic City, Seaside Heights and Point Pleasant. Millville is
home to the largest glass museum in the world with over 7,000 exhibits.
For outdoor activities, the numerous parks such as the Delaware Water Gap,
Jenny Jump, Swartswood, Wawayanda, Worthington or the National Recreation Park
are just the thing. Here you can hike and indulge in water sports and in winter
you can ice-skate, toboggan, and snowmobiling. Vernon Valley and Great Gorge
offer ideal slopes for skiing.
You can go fishing or canoeing on the Delaware River. For children, the Land
of Make Believe (Fantasy Land) in Hope and the Fairy Tale Forest (Magic Forest)
in Oak Ridge. Stanhope hosts jazz and bluegrass festivals in the summer. The
place itself is a restored place with houses from the colonial times.