A member state of the United States of America. Located in the Northeast of the
country, in the New England region, it covers an area of 21,386 km2
and has a population of 6 480 500 residents (2004).
Located in News-England
and overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Massachusetts is bordered to the north by
Vermont and New Hampshire, to the south by the State of Rhode Island and
Connecticut, and to the west by the State of New York.
Massachusetts is divided into four regions: to the west, the Appalachian
Mountains (Green Mountains) culminate at 1,064 m; the Connecticut River Valley
dominates to the east, a very fertile low floodplain, then a very valleys
plateau, slightly sloping towards the Atlantic coastal plain. This one, covered
by glacial deposits, includes, to the south, the Cape Cod and the nearby islands
that result ennoyage postglaciaire. The main rivers are Merrimack and
Connecticut. Forests - birch, beech, maple, larch and PIN - cover 55 p. 100 of
the territory. The climate is humid continental.
Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in Massachusetts
featuring the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by population
and area, as well as county seals and political map of Massachusetts.
the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for Massachusetts. Also includes
other English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of
Massachusetts is one of the New England states and extends over an area of
27,336 kmē, the capital and largest city of the state is Boston with over
The name of the state is derived from the language of the Massachusetts and
means "near the great hills". This means the Great Blue Hill in the Reservation
State Park. In 1788, Massachusetts became part of the United States.
Massachusetts is bounded to the north by New Hampshire and Vermont, to the
west by New York, to the south by Connecticut and Rhode Island. The eastern
part lies on the Atlantic Ocean.
Historical events Massachusetts
The Plymouth Colony was founded by the English in 1620 on what is now
Massachusetts's territory and lasted until 1691.
The Boston Tea Party in 1773. Boston citizens poured East Indian tea into the
sea in the harbor as an act of resistance to British colonial policy. This was
the trigger for the War of Independence of 1776, which resulted in America's
state independence. An economic boom followed and Massachusetts became an
important industrial location.
In 1780 the Massachusetts Constitution, which is still in force today, was
passed. Massachusetts was one of the 13 colonies that rebelled against British
In 1788, Massachusetts became a US state.
In 1820, Maine, then part of Massachusetts, split off. The reason was the
admission as a non-slave state.
The geography of Massachusetts
Massachusetts is a highland and is dominated by mountain ranges such as the
Berkshire Mountains and foothills of the Taconix and Hoosac Ranges and other
smaller mountains on the border with New York. Only on the approximately 660 km
long Connecticut River is the landscape determined by the Pioneer Valley and to
the west by the Housatonic Valley. The Housatonic River flowing through there is
approx. 240 km long. Mount Greylock at 1,064 meters is the highest mountain. On
the Atlantic coast is the approximately 100 km long Massachusetts Bay, which is
bordered to the north by Cape Ann. Cape Cod Bay connects to the south. Boston is
located on the far west of the bay.
The wildlife of Massachusetts
Nature in general is very dominant in New England, including
Massachusetts. Here one encounters large deciduous, mixed and coniferous
forests. The Indian Summer is a tourist magnet with its splendor of colors in
autumn. The predominant tree species are maples, oaks, poplars, beeches and
chestnuts in numerous subspecies. There are around 800 species of trees in
total. The White Mountains and the Berkshires are particularly worth a visit.
In the forests in particular one encounters wolves, black bears, coyotes,
elk, foxes, weasels and various types of lynx. Many birds have their habitat on
the coast and inland, such as puffins, fulmars, shearwaters, bald eagles, golden
eagles, various owl species and hen harriers. The lakes and rivers are rich in
Whales and lobsters frolic in the coastal waters.
Leisure activities in Massachusetts
Massachusetts offers a varied landscape with mountains, forests, beaches,
islands, lakes and rivers. And there is also a lot to discover in the historical
and cultural area.
There are 143 state parks in Massachusetts, ideal for all kinds of outdoor
There are very good hiking opportunities, especially in the Berkshires and
the Blue Hills. The many hiking trails are well signposted with the duration and
difficulty of the route. Hiking maps are distributed free of charge in the
visitor centers or from the park rangers. The Appalachian Trail is a particular
challenge for advanced hikers. Those who prefer bike tours can rent bicycles
e.g. B. Borrow from Boston Bike Tours. Bicycles are also delivered by some
Winter sports enthusiasts will find ideal conditions in the White
Mountains and the Berkshire Hills.
Since Massachusetts has numerous rivers and lakes, you have the opportunity
to do a variety of water sports such as sailing, rowing, fishing, surfing or
canoeing, especially on the Connecticut River. For swimmers, there are several
recreational areas with lakes and long beaches in the Boston area. Whale
watching is available in Provincetown, Gloucester between April and
October. Whales can be seen rearing their young and playing and eating.
Cultural and historical sights
- The Trinity Church in Boston, built in 1877 in the French Romantic
style. There are beautiful frescoes in the church.
- The Freedom Trail in Boston, a three-mile line that leads to the major
sites of the independence movement.
- The Boston Public Library, built in the Italian Renaissance style in
- The replica of the Mayflower II in Plymouth Harbor.
- The John Hancock Tower, at 241 meters the tallest building in Boston
- The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, here you can marvel at works of art
by artists such as Paul Gaugin, Rembrandt or van Gogh.
- Nantucket Island, here are observatories, museums and aquariums.
The climate in Massachusetts is not uniform and can be divided into different
zones: the eastern part is maritime in nature with cool, humid summers and mild,
humid winters. Inland, i.e. westwards, the temperature differences increase, the
summers are hot and dry, the winters cold and dry. The climate here becomes more
continental. In the coastal region, especially in the bays, there is often windy
weather and hurricanes or tornadoes are not uncommon. Spring in general is
difficult to bloom. May to October is the best time to travel. Especially
October because of the Indian Summer.