A member state of the United States of America made up of a group of volcanic
islands in the central area of the Pacific Ocean. It is about 3850 km from San
Francisco (USA). It covers a total area of 16,636 km2 and has a
population of 1,281,200 residents (2004). The capital is the city of Honolulu.
The archipelago comprises eight main islands (very volcanic), aligned from the
northwest to the southeast of the 2,400 km: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai,
Kahoolawe, Maui and Hawaii. The volcanoes form domes made up of piles of fluid
basaltic lava leaks. Hawaii, the largest and most southerly of the archipelago's
islands, comprises five volcanoes, of which the Mauna Kea, the highest point of
the archipelago with an altitude of 4,205 m, and the Kilauea, which experienced
numerous eruptions during the twentieth century, in 1924,1954 ,
1960. Earthquakes and tidal currents (tsunamis) accompany volcanic
phenomena. The archipelago benefits from a tropical climate, moderated by the
oceanic influences, northeastern seaweeds and the high altitudes of the islands.
Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in Hawaii featuring
the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by population and area, as
well as county seals and political map of Hawaii.
the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for Hawaii. Also includes other
English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of
As the 50th state, this archipelago in the Pacific Ocean was annexed to the
USA in 1959 and is the dream vacation destination of the Americans. The Aloha
State, whose Polynesian name means home, lives from tourism and pineapple
cultivation. Hawaii has a population of over 900,000. Captain James Cook was the
first European to discover the Hawaiian Islands in 1778. The first mission
stations were founded in 1820 and annexed by the USA in 1898. The capital is
Honolulu and is located on the island of Oahu.
The first settlers
The first wave of colonization probably came from Polynesians between AD 400
and 650. They came from the Marquesas Islands, 4,000 km away. In the 11th
century, Polynesian immigrants made their way to Hawaii from the approximately
5,000 distant island of Tahiti in order to displace the first settlers. They
owned double-hulled sailboats made from hollowed out logs and sealed with
resin. The trunks, which are only connected with coconut fibers, and large palm
leaves served as sails, offered space for up to 100 people.
The archipelago was only discovered by the Europeans in 1778 by Captain James
Cook. The discovery was pure coincidence, because he actually wanted to use his
ships to find a cheap shipping route between Alaska and Siberia.
The Hawaiian Islands
The 8 main islands of Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Maui
and Hawaii (also called Big Island) are each a scenic gem in itself.
Hawaii (main island)
Big Island, the other name for the main island, is the largest of all Hawaii
or Sandwich Islands with an area of 10,450 km². The landscape is very diverse,
it consists of lava deserts, rainforests and huge cattle pastures. In addition
to the livestock industry, mainly coffee and sugar cane are grown. The capital
is Hilo. Mauna Kea with 4205 m and Mauna Loa with 4169 m are the highest peaks
on the islands. The island is of volcanic origin, as evidenced by the still
This island is only 1433 km² in size and has an overwhelming variety of
landscape forms and is therefore also known as "The Garden Island". Kauai has
around 51,000 residents, most of whom live in and around Lihue, the island's
only city. Mainly sugar cane and tropical fruits are grown. The north of the
island is mainly rural and the west coast is almost uninhabited. Dense, green,
tropical rainforests on the mountain slopes and a colorful display of flowers
are predominant here. Tourism is not as developed here as it is on Oahu, for
Maui is 1885 km² and is the second largest island. However, fewer people live
here than on the Big Island and Oahu (approx. 88,000 residents). Maui consists
of two large volcanic massifs with narrow and steep valleys. Exotic fruits,
sugar cane, pineapples and vegetables are grown there and along the gently
sloping valleys. Because of the very fertile soil, large sugar cane and
pineapple plantations emerged on Maui. Besides Oahu, Maui is visited by most of
Niihau is only a 180 km² island which, with Lake Halulu, has the largest lake
in the entire archipelago. Otherwise, Niihau is an island that has largely not
been developed by tourism.
With 1575 km², Oahu is the third largest island in the Hawaiian
Islands. Honolulu is the largest city in the state of Hawaii (approx. 830,000
residents). Oahu's landscape is an island of contrasts: in the south there is
the densely built-up Honolulu with the hotel skyscrapers of Waikiki, while in
the north there are rainforests, bananas and sugar cane plantations, rocky
coasts and beaches. Two mountain ranges of volcanic origin, the Koolaus in the
east and the Waianae Mountains in the west, stretch across the island from north
to south. In between lies a broad fertile plain.
Molokai, the sparsely populated island of around 673 km², is still very
rural. You will find skyscrapers here in vain. The tropical, densely overgrown
island with the beautiful beaches is a paradise for vacationers who are looking
for peace and seclusion. Mass tourism is not promoted here. That is why there
are few hotels here, including only one luxury hotel. The local population lives
for the most part from agriculture (melons, vegetables). The Molokaʻi Forest
Reserve is ideal for hiking. There you can explore the 1,500 m high Mt. Kamakou
or the 75 m high Moaula Falls. A ride in an off-road vehicle is also
possible. The beaches offer the opportunity for all imaginable activities such
as diving, swimming, surfing, etc.