Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in Arizona featuring
the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by population and area, as
well as county seals and political map of Arizona.
the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for Arizona. Also includes other
English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of
Phoenix - an eventful past
For over 1000 years (around 1300) the Hohokam Indians lived in the area
where today Phoenix is located.
They used the Salt River as irrigation for their agriculture. They built many
canals, some of which are still preserved or have been expanded. It is believed
that the Indians left this area due to drought and periods of drought. Most of
them now settle in the Colorado River area.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Europeans came to this area to
settle. The area became a popular destination for hunters as there were valuable
beavers and otter furs to be found here. During the Revolutionary War, Arizona
and the Salt River Valley were contested areas. However, there was hardly any
active fighting and so the cities were largely spared.
After the American Civil War (1861-1865), people began to settle and build a
city in what is now Phoenix.
They found optimal conditions and were able to use or renew the old canals to
irrigate their fields. The city was eventually named Phoenix. The name refers to
the fact that a new civilization had emerged from the remains of an old one.
In the 20th century, the area was developed more and more through the
construction of many dams and more and more people settled here. In
1912, Phoenix was made the capital of Arizona, making it even more attractive
to immigrants. During the Second World War, many weapons and war materials were
produced here. In 1942 the city was shaken by strong unrest when after a boxing
match there was a fight between supporters of the army of different skin
colors. The military quickly began to violently counter this uprising, resulting
in many deaths.
After 1950, the city became more and more popular with tourists and grew
bigger and bigger as the climate attracted many people. For a long time, Phoenix
was known for its high crime rates and violence. Today, however, the less
popular parts of the city have also experienced an upswing.
Tucson - history and nature of a busy city
Tucson is a city in the United States and is located in the state of
Arizona. Tucson is located on a plateau and is surrounded by several mountains
or mountain ranges. It is the largest city in southern Arizona. The city is
traversed by the Santa Cruz River. The river is dry most of the year and only
carries some water during the summer monsoons. There is a dry desert climate
here with extremely hot summers. The monsoons occur between June and July and
bring most of the rainfall to Tucson.
The story: from Indians to the invention of air conditioning
The area of Tucson was settled by Indians early on. As early as 12,000
BC Paleo-Indians settled here. Remnants of their settlements have been found
near today's city center. Since then this region has been populated almost
In 1699 an Italian mission was founded here. The Jesuit missionary Father
Eusebio Francisco Kino built a missionary station here (Mission San Xavier del
Bac). Also an astronomer and cartographer, Kino made some important discoveries
related to America and founded a number of missions throughout the region.
The actual city wasn't founded until 1775. That year a fortress was built
here by the Spaniards. For a long time the city was not a popular place to live
for people. The dry, hot climate put many off. With the introduction of air
conditioning, however, the population grew rapidly. While 8,000 people were
still living here in 1880, it was already 120,000 in 1950. A number of former
soldiers settled here, especially after the First World War, as the conditions
here were particularly good for the treatment of respiratory diseases.
Today, a major problem in this region is sustainable water management. In
these arid areas, water is a precious commodity that needs to be handled with
care. Since there is only so little precipitation here, groundwater is mainly
used here. However, this groundwater does not regenerate sufficiently. In the
last hundred years, the groundwater has been used excessively and thus greatly
reduced. Today, other aquifers are used, and water is drawn from the Colorado
River to Tucson. These measures are intended to ensure a long-lasting water
supply for the city.
Tucson and the surrounding area - A paradise for fans of the rugged
In and around Tucson, the landscape is determined by arid conditions. A
number of different activities are available to the visitor here in the
southwestern United States. For hikers there are large and small tours for every
taste. Since Tucson is surrounded by mountains, there are a large number of
hiking trails in the immediate vicinity of the city, which can offer every
nature lover many unforgettable moments. In the north are the Santa Catalina
Mountains, in the east the Rincon Mountains, in the south the Santa Rita
Mountains, in the west the Tucson Mountains and in the northwest the Tortolita
Mountains. Due to the extensive terrain and the variety of paths, long and
rather shorter tours can be undertaken here, even if it is only intended for one
day. In addition to hiking, there are also good areas for extensive climbing
tours, cycling tours, riding out on horseback and there is also a lot to see for
cave fans. The many mountains offer a variety of cave systems, some of which are
very well developed for tourists. But there should also be a couple of quieter
corners without crowds.
Tucson has a number of interesting things to offer that are interesting for
every visitor. Since the history of the city and the life of today's residents
are closely linked to the climatic conditions, many of the museums and sights
that are here revolve around the desert. So does the Arizona-Sonora Desert
Museum. In this museum not only the history is shown but also the nature, the
animals and the plants that live in the desert. Due to the scientific
orientation of the city, there are also some sights that deal with
aviation. There are several places where old and antique airplanes can be seen,
for example the Pima Air Museum. There are a large number of old military
aircraft here. The is located close to the city Saguaro National Park. There
are the famous giant cacti that are always worth a visit.
Tucson by night - a city full of student life
Tucson's nightlife is largely influenced by its many universities and young
people. Most of it takes place through them at bars, small music clubs and
especially around University Boulevard. The area is easy to reach from most
hotels and the city center and offers not only the typical nightlife but also
more upscale clubs without a strong tourist influence. In addition to the bars,
there are also numerous cinemas here and an international film festival takes
place every April.