A member state of the United States of America located in the extreme northwest
of North America and limited to the north by the Arctic glacial ocean, to the
east by Canada, to the south by the Pacific Ocean and to the west by the Bering
Strait that separates it from the Russian Federation. It is the largest US state
(1,477,268 km2), but also the most sparsely populated, with only
664,400 residents (2004), which corresponds to a population density of 0.45
It includes the Aleutian islands, of which the
westernmost - Attu - is only 90 km from Russia. Alaska produces oil, natural
gas, coal, iron, gold and copper; your fishing industry is important. Mount
McKinley, at an altitude of 6194 meters, is the highest peak in North
America. The capital is Juneau.
Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in Alaska featuring
the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by population and area, as
well as county seals and political map of Alaska.
the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for Alaska. Also includes other
English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of
Alaska - The Eskimos called this sparsely populated country Alasku (large,
The northernmost and largest state (1.7 million km²) is also called the Last
Frontier (last frontier) by the Americans. Alaska was acquired by Russia in 1867
for $ 7.2 million. The narrowest point is only 4 km from Russia. The Great Gold
Rush of 1896 drew many thousands to the icy north of Alaska, and many were
killed. Alaska became the 49th state in the United States in 1959.
Juneau - Anchorage and Fairbanks
The capital is Juneau with just over 31,000 residents. The largest city,
however, is Anchorage with over 290,000 residents. If you add Fairbanks, these
are the most important cities in Alaska. In 1968 crude oil was found and in 1977
the 1274 km long Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline was put into operation. Because of
its arctic summer, Alaska is becoming more and more a tourist destination. The
6,194 m high Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in North America.
The first settlers
They came from Siberia about 12,000 years ago. It was nomadic tribes who came
then existing land bridge, the Beringia, and colonized the country. They were
thus the first settlers in North America. The tribes that live there today
developed from these nomadic peoples. The land bridge disappeared around 10,000
years ago at the end of the Ice Age.
Flora and fauna
Despite the geographical location of Alaska, the animal world is unique and
represented by interesting wild animals. Wolves, bears, mountain goats, moose,
caribou, beavers, many species of birds, including the bald eagle, live
here. Salmon are predominant in the rivers. On the coast and in the sea are
z. B. the habitats of fur seals, sea otters, beluga whales, dolphins, orcas.
The mountains of Alaska have a lush flora of alpine and subalpine
plants. Berry bushes, cyclamen, forget-me-nots, gentians, moss heather, alpine
rose and many other plants thrive here. The Sitka spruce is the predominant tree
here. To preserve nature, 16 nature reserves (National Wildlife Refuge) have
been set up, but only a few are not allowed to be entered.
Alaska - The ideal destination for adventure travel
Alaska is worth a trip at any time of the year. For example, excursions to
the glaciers in Kenai Fjords National Park are offered, guided animal
observations (including bears, elk) or kayak trips on the Yukon. Special
destinations are also the Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve and the
Wrangell-St.-Elias National Park and Preserve, both included in the UNESCO World
Heritage Site. In the parks you can still meet grizzly bears, black bears,
moose, bison and wolves. There are a total of 8 national parks, 5 national
monuments and 16 national wildlife refuge (protected areas) in Alaska which
ensure that the untouched nature is preserved.
Alaska Day is a statutory holiday that is limited to the state of Alaska and
is celebrated on October 18th. All shops, offices and offices are then closed
and public transport is limited to the bare minimum. This day is not a public
holiday in any other state. The special thing about the day is that if October
18th falls on a Saturday or Sunday, it will either be brought forward to Friday
or it will take place on Monday. The day commemorates the purchase of Alaska
from Russia in 1867, the purchase price was only 7.2 million US dollars.
How is it celebrated?
The center of the celebrations is the city of Sitka. The festive day is
celebrated here in the form of the 3-day Alaska Day Festival. The handover at
Castle Hill is simulated. The festivity is accompanied by a flag ceremony in
which the Russian flag is lowered and the American flag is hoisted. A memorial
service and a troop parade complete the act. A special feature for several years
has been that all men are asked to grow long beards before the holiday. The
women, on the other hand, wear historical costumes on this day.
History of Alaska
Alaska was already settled by humans in the Paleolithic Age, namely by the
Inuit, the native people. The name Alaska is derived from the Aleut word
Alaxsxag and means something like “land towards which the sea flows. Alaska was
discovered by the Europeans in 1648 and from 1741 the Russians settled from what
is now Sitka. The country was then known as "Russian America". Since the
Russians did not research the raw material deposits, but only went on
fur-hunting here, which, due to the great distance, did not yield any great
So it was just right for the Russians when the then American Secretary of
State Seward offered Tsar Alexander II to sell the land to him because the
Crimean War had cost a lot of money. On April 9, 1867, the purchase contract was
concluded. The ownership changed to the Americans for $ 7.2 million. One of the
cheapest land purchases in history. On October 18, 1867, Alaska officially went
to the Americans. With the discovery of numerous mineral resources, including
gold on the Yukon River, which triggered a gold rush at the end of the 19th
century, the purchase was a win for the Americans.