Get a list of Connecticut cities and towns by population based on latest
data from U.S. Census.
Offers a full list of counties and county equivalents in Connecticut
featuring the oldest, newest, largest and smallest counties by population
and area, as well as county seals and political map of Connecticut.
the abbreviations and acronyms that stand for Connecticut. Also includes
other English words or phrases that have the same initials as state name of
The New England state of Connecticut has an area of 14,357 km², making it
the third smallest state in the United States. The by-name Constituion State was
passed by law in 1959 and refers to the constitution of 1638, which was also the
oldest in the world when the state was still a colony.
Connecticut was created in 1639 from the 3 settlements of Windsor,
Wethersfield and Hartford. In 1776 Connecticut declared independence from Great
Britain and in 1788 Connecticut became the 5th state in the United States. In
1848, Connecticut's slavery ended. The name Connecticut originally comes from
the Algonquian language (Quinetucket) and was derived from it. Connecticut is
located in the northeastern United States and is bounded by Massachusetts in the
north, Rhode Island in the east, Long Island Sound in the south and New York in
Despite its small size, Connecticut's landscape is very varied. In the
northwest the landscape is criss-crossed by hills. The highest point around the
Appalachian Mountains is Mount Frissel, 725 m high. The landscape flattens out
to the south as far as Long Island Sound. Over half of the state is forested,
crossed by lakes, rivers and waterfalls, which make up more than 10 percent of
the country's area. On the Atlantic coast you will find wonderful sandy beaches.
Fauna and Flora
Connecticut has a rich flora and fauna. Although densely populated, you can
find black bears, wolves, elks, foxes, lynxes, weasels, coyotes and
muskrats. The diverse bird world is represented here with the golden eagle, many
species of owls, the hen harrier and the bald eagle. On the Atlantic coast,
fulmars, shearwaters and puffins dominate the bird world. The proportion of
forest in Connecticut, as in the other New England states, is quite large and is
determined by deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests. In autumn the forests
beckon with their blaze of color. This time of colourfulness is also
called Indian Summer. Connecticut is home to more than 100 species of trees. The
maple trees, which are represented here with over 10 different species, are
particularly striking. Other dominating tree species are beech, oak, elm and
spruce. The forests are home to various species of fern, some of which can reach
a height of 1.50 m. In addition, over 100 species of wildflowers can be found in
the state's natural landscapes.
In Connecticut, due to the influence of the Atlantic, there is a temperate
continental climate, with warm summers between 25 and 30 degrees. The winters
are moderately cold, around 0 degrees and sometimes snowy. Due to the influence
of the Atlantic, it is quite changeable and windy with precipitation over 1,000
mm per year. Most of the rain falls towards autumn. However, towards the
northwest, where the altitude rises, there can be a lot of precipitation in the
form of snow, especially in winter.
Activities and sights
The varied natural landscape is very suitable for exploring on foot or by
bike. Bennett's Pond and the Hemlock Hills, two connected nature reserves, are
particularly interesting for mountain bikers. There is a lot to discover in this
varied piece of nature, including the paths through forests, meadows, over
mountain ridges and through swamp areas. The large boulders and the numerous
rock cliffs, which give the landscape a primeval character, are particularly
impressive. Bikes can be rented in Ridgefield, south of the Hemlock Hills.
The Farmington River offers rapids rafting trips with large inner tubes. The
exciting water ride goes over a distance of 4 kilometers.
In addition to nature, Connecticut is also home to a number of interesting,
historical buildings that you should definitely see. For example the longest
wooden bridge in the state, the West Cornwall Covered Bridge in Litchfield or
the beincke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale, one of the largest
libraries in the world. Here you can marvel at the original Gutenberg Bible. No
less interesting is the Yale University gallery in New Haven with over a hundred
thousand exhibits from around the world, the various museums and collections on
the grounds of Harvard University in Cambridge and the First Presbyterian Church
in Stamford. Not to be missed is the Mark Twain House in Hartford, a Victorian
mansion still with original furnishings, or the Lymann Allyn Art Museum, where
to admire contemporary and impressionist American art. Not to mention the Shore
Line Trolley Museum in East Haven, the largest of its kind.
A special tourist attraction is a visit to the ghost town of New Haven. On
the ghost tour, which lasts 90 minutes, you can explore cursed places and learn
interesting facts about sightings of mysterious apparitions. You can also go in
search of ghosts of Jimi Hendrix or Noah Webster who are supposed to haunt the